Title: Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines

The author: Zoeb Husain, Mohd. Zulkifly Abdullah, Zainal Alimuddin

File format: PDF

Book volume: 245 Pages

File size: 10.5 MB


Dimensions and Systems of Units

  • Dimensions and Units
  • Non-Dimensional Quantity
  • Pressure Scales
  • Fluid Properties
  • Surface Tension
  • CapilIary Action
  • Compressibility and Mach Number

Fluid Flow

  • Scope of Fluid Mechnanics
  • Laminar and Turbulent Flow
  • Momentum Equation for One-Dimensional and Two-Dimensional Flow
  • Jet Striking a Plate (3 cases)
  • Force Exerted when jet is Deflected by a Moving Vane
  • Euler’s and BernQullis Equations and Application of Bernoullis Equation

Thermal and Hydropower Stations

  • Steam Turbine and Gas Turbine Power Plant
  • Combined Cycle Power Plants and Hydropower Plants
  • Underground Power Plants and Surface Power Plant

Fluid Machinery

  • Classification of Fluid Machines
  • Pumps (Axial and Radial) and Compressors (Axial and Radial)
  • Turbines (Pelton Wheel, Francis Turbine,  Kaplan Turbine, Steam Turbines, Gas Turbine)
  • Euler’s Theory Applied to Turbo Machines

Pelton Turbine

  • Description of Pelton Turbine Installation and Analysis
  • Pelton Turbine Losses and Efficiencies
  • Regulating System of Pelton Wheel Power Station

Francis Turbine

  • Description of Francis Turbine and Analysis
  • Draft Tube
  • Working Proportions and Regulation of Francis Turbine
  • Specific Speed of hydraulic Turbines
  • Comparison between Pelton and Francis Turbines

Propeller and Kaplan Turbines

  • Description of Propeller Turbine and Kaplan Turbine
  • Analysis and Construction of Velocity Diagram
  • Twisted Blades
  • Comparison between Francis, Pelton and Kaplan Turbine

Turbo Pumps

  • Human Heart (Pump)
  • Description of Centrifugal Pump and Analysis
  • Cavitation and Net Positive Suction Head (NPSH)
  • Pumps in Series and Parallel
  • Matching Pumps to a System Demand
  • Axial Flow Pump

Positive Displacement Pumps

  • Description of a Reciprocating Pump and Analysis (Power Output, Pump Efficiency)
  • Application of Piston Pumps (Radial Piston Pump, Swashplate Pump, Wobble Plate Pump, Bent Axis Piston Pump and Gear Pump)

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