Renewable Energy Resources

Book Title: Renewable Energy Resources 3rd Edition

Writers: John Twidell and Tony Weir

File Format: PDF

Language: English

Volume: 817 pages

File Size: 11.77 MB

About the book:

The main aim of our book is to explain renewable energy resources and technologies from fundamental scientific principles.
We expect our readers to have a basic understanding of science and technology, especially of physical science and basic mathematics. It is not necessary to read chapters consecutively, because each topic stands alone.

Content of the book:

Principles of renewable energy
Energy and sustainable development, Fundamentals, Scientific principles of renewable energy, Technical implications, Standards and regulations, Social implications.

Solar radiation and the greenhouse effect
Extraterrestrial solar radiation, Components of radiation, Geometry of the Earth and the Sun, Geometry of collector and the solar beam, Atmospheric transmission, absorption, and reflection, Measuring solar radiation, Site estimation of solar radiation, Greenhouse effect and climate change.

Solar water heating
Calculation of heat balance: general remarks, Flat-plate collectors systems with separate storage, Selective surfaces, Evacuated collectors, Instrumentation and monitoring, Social and environmental aspects.

Other solar thermal applications
Air heaters, Crop driers, Solar thermal refrigeration and cooling, Water desalination, Solar salt-gradient ponds, Solar concentrators, Concentrated Solar Thermal Power (CSTP) for electricity generation, Fuel and chemical synthesis from concentrated solar, Social and environmental aspects.

Photovoltaic (PV) power technology
Photovoltaic circuit properties, Applications and systems, Maximizing cell efficiency (Si cells), Solar cell and module manufacture, Types and adaptations of photovoltaics, Social, economic and environmental aspects.

Hydropower
Principles, Assessing the resource, Impulse turbines, Reaction turbines, Hydroelectric systems, Pumped hydro storage, Social and environmental aspects.

Wind resource
Whirlwind, Characteristics of the wind, Wind instrumentation, measurement, and
computational tools and prediction.

Wind power technology
Turbine types and terms, Linear momentum theory, Angular momentum theory, Dynamic matching, Blade element theory, Power extraction by a turbine, Electricity generation, Mechanical power, Social, economic and environmental
considerations.

Biomass resources from photosynthesis
Photosynthesis: a key process for life on Earth, Trophic level photosynthesis, Relation of photosynthesis to other plant processes, Photosynthesis at the cellular and molecular level, Energy farming: biomass production for energy, R&D to ‘improve’ photosynthesis, Social and environmental aspects.

Bioenergy technologies
Biofuel classification, Direct combustion for heat, Pyrolysis (destructive distillation), Further thermochemical processes, Alcoholic fermentation, Anaerobic digestion for biogas, Wastes and residues, Biodiesel from vegetable oils and algae, Social and environmental aspects.

Wave power
Wave motion, Wave energy, and power, Real (irregular) sea waves: patterns and power, Energy extraction from devices, Wave power devices, Social, economic and environmental aspects.

Tidal-current and tidal-range power
The cause of tides, Enhancement of tides, Tidal-current/stream power, Tidal-range power, World tidal power sites, Social and environmental aspects.

Ocean gradient energy: OTEC and osmotic power
General introduction, Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC): introduction, OTEC principles, Practical considerations about OTEC, Devices, Related technologies, Social, economic and environmental aspects, Osmotic power from salinity gradients.

Geothermal energy
Geophysics, Dry rock, and hot aquifer analysis Harnessing geothermal resources, Ground-source heat pumps, Social and environmental aspects

Energy systems: integration, distribution and storage
Energy systems, Distribution technologies, Electricity supply and networks, Comparison of technologies for energy storage, Energy storage for grid electricity, Batteries, Fuel cells, Chemicals as energy stores, Storage for heating and cooling systems, Transport systems, Social and environmental aspects of energy supply and storage.

Using energy efficiently
Energy services, Energy end-use by sector, Energy-efficient solar buildings, Transport, Manufacturing industry, Domestic energy use, Social and environmental aspects.

Institutional and economic factors
Socio-political factors, Economics, Life cycle analysis, Policy tools, Quantifying choice, Present status of renewable energy, The way ahead.

Electrical power for renewables
Electricity transmission: principles, Electricity grids (networks), DC grids, AC active and reactive power: transformers, Electric machines (generators and motors), Special challenges and opportunities for renewables electricity.

Essentials of fluid dynamics
Conservation of energy: Bernoulli’s equation, Conservation of momentum, Viscosity, Turbulence, Friction in pipe flow, Lift and drag forces.

Heat transfer
Heat circuit analysis and terminology, Conduction, Convection, Radiative heat transfer, Properties of ‘transparent’ materials, Heat transfer by mass transport, Multimode transfer and circuit analysis.

Solid-state physics for photovoltaics
The silicon p–n junction, Photon absorption at the junction, Solar radiation absorption at p–n junction, Other substrate materials; chemical Groups III/V and II/VI

Units, labels and conversions: the algebraic method

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